The JCB 406 is a highly productive compact wheel loader with optimal power-to-weight ratio, making it a perfect tool carrier. It’s fitted with a 36.4 kW engine that produces 170 Nm of torque, powering a 2-speed hydrostatic transmission and a load over height of 2991mm. 

This loading shovel also features superior quality components, comfort and ergonomics aplenty, excellent build quality, stringent safety levels and straightforward serviceability. 

In short, it’s a perfect choice for rental fleets looking for a low cost productive machine with a simple mechanical engine.

  • Simple mechanical JCB Diesel by Kohler engine
  • Heavy-duty versatile articulated steering system with sideshift
  • Great all-round visibility and superb operator comfort
  • Easy to service and extremely safe to operate
  • Easy to service and extremely safe to operate
  • Easy to service and extremely safe to operate
  • 36.4 kW of power and 170 Nm of torque
  • Hydrostatic drive for easy operation


Shovel Capacity
Max. Weight
4,934 kg
Max. Engine Power


  • The JCB 406 wheel loader has a comfortable and spacious cab with noise levels lower than our outgoing model. The operating position is designed for optimum all-round visibility, unhindered by components like silencers.
  • Our tilting telescopic steering column is easy to adjust, and all instruments needed to operate this loading shovel are within easy reach of the seat, so there’s no need to hunt around for information whilst working.
  • With a fully opening right-hand window as an option, JCB 406 operators can enjoy increased ventilation whilst still being protected from dust.
  • This compact loading shovel is equipped with a new ergonomically designed joystick control system for comfortable and intuitive operation.


From harsh waste environments to the farm and field, the potential industries and applications for JCB 406 wheel loaders are endless.

To give you an idea, JCB 406 compact loaders’ lift height allows them to load into road trucks, but it’s still compact enough to fit into tight barns and under small bridges. There’s further versatility on offer with a large range of attachments and, thanks to our hydraulic quickhitch, the operator doesn’t even have to leave the cab for attachment changes

The cab volume of a JCB 406 compact wheel loader is excellent, and its low mounting reduces overall machine height.

Overall machine controllability is first class too. Our pivot steer design makes JCB 406 wheel loaders simple to manoeuvre, while allowing easy and accurate placing of the load. Dual-speed hydrostatic transmission provides accurate matching of speed to application and the ability to inch using the brake pedal.

Responsive, accurate hydraulic controls give fast cycle times and are simple and intuitive even for inexperienced operators.


  • JCB and Kohler have produced the ultimate compact wheel loader engine. No exhaust after-treatment means no engine power is wasted, while peak power and torque at low revs means good fuel economy. Dimensions are compact for small turning circles.
  • We offer several axle options on the JCB 406 including open diffs for hard ground and limited slip diffs for soft muddy terrain.
  • Our 100% switchable front axle diff lock option provides ultimate traction on mud and creates no shear forces, so won’t damage the ground when it’s not in use. It can also be engaged on the move and under load.
  • Hydrostatic drive makes the 406 wheel loader very easy to operate even for the inexperienced. That means there’s less risk of overpowering the machine at a cost to fuel economy.
  • The 406 loading shovel’s JCB Diesel by Kohler engine offers both potent performance and a low-maintenance mechanical design.


  • We’ve used only the very finest engine, driveline and axle components on the 406 wheel loader, from suppliers like DANA and Bosch
  • This loading shovel benefits from a strong chassis and the best possible weight distribution; this allows for optimal absorption of external forces.
  • We understand how tough materials handling can be, so we use a heavy-duty centre joint which oscillates through ±40°. Precision machining provides high tolerances and accurate location of pins and bushes on these loading shovels.
  • Rear lights are recessed within the solid counterweight casting for impact protection and hydraulic hoses are neatly routed, properly clamped, and positioned away from potential pinching spots.
  • We use state-of-the-art manufacturing processes, finite element analysis and extensive rig testing to achieve the very highest levels of quality. Cold cell testing guarantees starting performance at temperatures as low as -20°C.


  • The JCB 406 wheel loader can be equipped with a new immobiliser option, which can help prevent thefts from your fleet.
  • Access steps are complemented by well positioned handles so that operators have three points of contact whenever they’re entering or exiting the JCB 406’s cab.
  • With no exhaust after treatment, our JCB Diesel by Kohler engines are extremely compact for uncompromised visibility. The sloping rear bonnet provides an unimpeded view, with the exhaust silencer and air intake filter both packaged out of sight.
  • We’ve fitted an in-cab electronic 2-stage quickhitch isolation system to prevent uncontrolled release of attachments on the 406 loading shovel.