La historia de JCB es una historia de innovación, ambición y mucho trabajo. Desde sus modestos comienzos en 1945 como constructora de remolques basculantes agrícolas hasta llegar a ser la empresa de fabricación líder en el mundo en la que se ha convertido, JCB ha ido superando continuamente sus límites gracias a nuestro deseo de ser los mejores. El lema de Joseph Cyril Bamford, mi padre y fundador de la empresa, era: “Nunca estoy satisfecho”, y tenía razón, nunca estamos satisfechos con nuestros logros. No obstante, opino que incluso él se asombraría de lo que ha llegado a ser esta empresa. Actualmente tenemos 22 fábricas en 4 continentes y más de 750 distribuidores en todo el mundo.

Esta es una época emocionante para nosotros. En solo 67 años, hemos pasado de ser una sola persona trabajando en un taller de Uttoxeter a convertirnos en una importante marca reconocida en todo el mundo por su espíritu innovador. Todo esto se lo debemos a nuestra gente: una sólida plantilla de 10 000 empleados que conforman la familia JCB, de la que estamos muy orgullosos. Nuestros logros en estos 67 años han sido considerables, pero en JCB creemos que hay que mirar siempre hacia delante, centrados en la siguiente creación, en el siguiente nivel de éxito. Mientras usted lee estas líneas, JCB sigue innovando y superando los límites de la investigación y el desarrollo, sobre todo en materia de sostenibilidad, ya que los costes energéticos y las emisiones son un aspecto que cobra cada vez más importancia a la hora de adquirir maquinaria. Muchos de nuestros clientes tendrán que reinventar sus negocios para cumplir los nuevos estándares de construcción y la legislación sobre emisiones, y nosotros estaremos allí para ayudarles durante todo el proceso, como siempre hemos hecho.

Dedique un minuto a leer los hitos de innovación que hemos establecido durante décadas en el menú que figura a continuación.

Anthony Bamford

Presidente de JCB

 

Hitos de innovación

  • 1949: La cargadora JCB Major revoluciona el sector agrícola
  • 1952: Nace la retrocargadora JCB, junto con la excavadora Mk 1
  • 1963: La JCB 3C lleva el rendimiento de las retrocargadoras a nuevos niveles y se convierte en un clásico por su diseño
  • 1964: La JCB 7 se convierte en la primera excavadora de orugas de JCB
  • 1971: La cargadora hidrostática de orugas JCB 110 es la prueba de nuestro espíritu innovador
  • 1977: La manipuladora telescópica JCB 520, un concepto nuevo, arrasa en el sector
  • 1980: La JCB 3CX supone la mayor inversión del sector de la construcción en una sola máquina
  • 1990: El JCB Fastrac se convierte en el primer tractor de arrastre de alta velocidad del mundo con suspensión total
  • 1993: La minicargadora JCB Robot se convierte en la más segura del mundo
  • 1997: La JCB Teletruk arrasa en el sector
  • 2006: Dos motores diésel JCB 444 alimentan el JCB Dieselmax, que bate el récord mundial de velocidad terrestre para vehículos diésel  
  • 2010: Las máquinas JCB Eco suben una vez más el listón en lo que a eficiencia y productividad de la maquinaria se refiere
1940s
2002
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Range is well established

By the early 2000s, the company’s range of wheeled loaders and telescopic loaders was well established, with the addition of new 407, 408 and 409 hydrostatic loaders, the TM300 Telemaster and the 456HT loader.
2006
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Queen's Award for Enterprise

In 2006, JCB Earthmovers was again given a Queen’s Award for Enterprise, in the International Trade Category, a feat that would be repeated in 2009. The company’s Dieselmax engine range, fitted to a number of the loaders, went on to power the firm’s Dieselmax streamliner to a world land-speed record for diesel cars in 2006, establishing JCB as a world-beating engine manufacturer.
1950s
2002
Image for news article

Range is well established

By the early 2000s, the company’s range of wheeled loaders and telescopic loaders was well established, with the addition of new 407, 408 and 409 hydrostatic loaders, the TM300 Telemaster and the 456HT loader.
2006
Image for news article

Queen's Award for Enterprise

In 2006, JCB Earthmovers was again given a Queen’s Award for Enterprise, in the International Trade Category, a feat that would be repeated in 2009. The company’s Dieselmax engine range, fitted to a number of the loaders, went on to power the firm’s Dieselmax streamliner to a world land-speed record for diesel cars in 2006, establishing JCB as a world-beating engine manufacturer.
1960s
2002
Image for news article

Range is well established

By the early 2000s, the company’s range of wheeled loaders and telescopic loaders was well established, with the addition of new 407, 408 and 409 hydrostatic loaders, the TM300 Telemaster and the 456HT loader.
2006
Image for news article

Queen's Award for Enterprise

In 2006, JCB Earthmovers was again given a Queen’s Award for Enterprise, in the International Trade Category, a feat that would be repeated in 2009. The company’s Dieselmax engine range, fitted to a number of the loaders, went on to power the firm’s Dieselmax streamliner to a world land-speed record for diesel cars in 2006, establishing JCB as a world-beating engine manufacturer.
1970s
1971
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Launch of the 413 and 418 models

The first JCB-designed machines arrived in 1971, with the launch of the 413 and 418 models, replacing the former Chaseside models. These shovels featured a cab mounted on the front section of the articulating chassis, to provide the operator with an improved view of the working area. They were also equipped with an oscillating centre pivot, to ensure that all four wheels remained in contact with the ground, delivering maximum tractive effort.
1972
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Design Council Award

JCB launched a tracked loading shovel, the 110, the first of its type to feature a hydrostatic transmission and twin tiller loader controls. The machine was the first to be awarded with a Design Council Award in 1972.
1973
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The 423 and 428 were launched

In 1973 the 423 and 428 were launched, taking JCB into heavier wheeled loader territory. A year later the Design Council again recognised JCB, for the 418 design, the company’s second award in just two years for what was still a fairly young business unit.
1975
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The 112 crawler loader made its debut

Following on from the 110's success, two new crawler loader models were launched - the 112 and 114.
1980s
1981
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Expansion into waste handling

By the early 1980s the division had expanded again, with the introduction of the 428 landfill compactor. JCB recognised that different industry sectors required individual machine specifications, a focus that has remained to this day, with JCB building specific models for construction, quarrying, agriculture and waste handling.
1981
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410 Wheeled Loader

The 410 wheeled loader is launched to develop a market for smaller customers such as builders merchants.
1982
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Introduction of four-ram loader linkages

The 410, 420 and 430 models had arrived, again moving the sector forwards with the introduction of four-ram loader linkages. These parallel lift arms would prove essential for materials handling duties in particular. JCB still offers customers a choice between a four-arm lift package or the Z-bar linkage favoured by the quarry industry on many loader models.
1983
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The 410 Farm Master

The first 410 Farm Master model would be launched just two years later in 1983, continuing a relationship with the farming community that has was established along with the company in 1945.
1984
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410M-1B Developed

Another sector with which JCB has enjoyed a positive relationship is the military, the company developing the 410M-1B military wheeled loader in 1984. As well as being specifically designed and built to meet the needs of military operation, each machine was shipped with £1,000 of spare parts, to ensure continued operation in even the most remote areas.
1987
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JCB entered the compact market

JCB continued to develop its growing range of wheeled loaders, moving into the compact market in 1987. The 406 was the first JCB compact loader and the first to have the cab mounted on the rear section of the articulating chassis. This model was soon joined by the 408 in 1989 and the 408 Farm Master in 1990.
1994
1994
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Launch of the 411, 412S and 416

Following the success of the compact models, JCB went on to redesign its heavier loaders, with the launch of the 411, 412S and 416. These new machines all featured a much-improved operator’s cab, mounted on the rear section of the chassis for the first time.
1997
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The TM270 Telemaster joined the line-up

A new range-topping 456ZX model joined the line-up, alongside 410ZX and 411ZX hydrostatic compact models and two additional Telemasters - the TM200 and TM270.
2000s
2002
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Range is well established

By the early 2000s, the company’s range of wheeled loaders and telescopic loaders was well established, with the addition of new 407, 408 and 409 hydrostatic loaders, the TM300 Telemaster and the 456HT loader.
2006
Image for news article

Queen's Award for Enterprise

In 2006, JCB Earthmovers was again given a Queen’s Award for Enterprise, in the International Trade Category, a feat that would be repeated in 2009. The company’s Dieselmax engine range, fitted to a number of the loaders, went on to power the firm’s Dieselmax streamliner to a world land-speed record for diesel cars in 2006, establishing JCB as a world-beating engine manufacturer.
2010s
2012
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Largest Loader

This decade has also seen JCB’s wheeled loader line continue to expand, as the line-up has grown with both larger and smaller models. The largest loader, the 467, launched in 2012
2014
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JCB CommandPlus Cab launched

2014 saw the dawn of a new era in cab design with the launch of the all new ‘JCB CommandPlus’ cab. The powerful JCB 457 was the first machine to show off the completely new cab, offering operators the ultimate in comfort. This totally new ROPS structure has A pillars that have been moved out to the same width as the rear of the cab, providing a larger interior with a panoramic front windscreen. The machine features JCB’s Command Driving Position, with revised pedals, a new adjustable steering column and seat-mounted hydraulic controls.
2017
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Smallest Model

The company’s smallest model, the 403, arrived in 2017. The company has also spread its global footprint, as facilities in India commenced production of wheeled loaders in 2012. JCB started production of the 426 loader in Brazil in 2014. More recently, JCB commenced production of wheeled loaders in China in 2017.
2019
457 Wheel Loader hero application (3:2)

Introduction of stage v

The company is now readying its extensive range to meet the needs of tomorrow’s customers, with the introduction of Stage V emissions compliant powertrains. And with production at record levels, JCB Earthmovers shows little sign of slowing down.